Are there any tourist attractions in Africa that should not be missed? What are the famous attractions in Africa? From the world-famous Egypt in North Africa to the Cape of Good Hope in Southern Africa, from the Great Rift Valley to the western Atlantic coast, Africa is a paradise for tourism. This article will share with you the 15 famous tourist attractions in Africa, best places to travel in Africa.
1. Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro is located in northeastern Tanzania and about 160 kilometers south of the Great Rift Valley. It is the watershed between Tanzania and Kenya, the highest mountain in Africa, and it is also a volcano and snow mountain. The main body of the mountain extends for nearly 80 kilometers in the east-west direction. It is mainly composed of three extinct volcanoes, Kibo, Mawensi and Shila, covering an area of 756 square kilometers. Its central volcanic cone, Hulu Peak, is 5,895 meters above sea level, which is the highest point in Africa. The area of Mount Kilimanjaro was turned into a national park in 1968, with wild plants growing in the hot, temperate and cold zones and inhabiting wild animals in the hot, temperate and cold zones. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization has included it in the “World Cultural and Natural Heritage Protection List” in 1981.
2. Pyramid of Khufu
The Pyramid of Khufu is one of the pyramids in Egypt. The tower is 146.59 meters high. Due to weathering over time, the top is peeled off 10 meters. The current height is 136.5 meters, which is equivalent to a 40-story building. The tower is made of 2.3 million megaliths. Stones of various sizes can weigh from 1.5 tons to 160 tons. The total weight of the tower is about 6.84 million tons. Its scale is the larger of the more than 70 pyramids discovered in Egypt. of. It is an almost solid boulder. Groups of people hauled these large stones up the spiral ascending passage inside the pyramid, and then piled them up layer by layer. It was used by more than 100,000 craftsmen for about 20 years. The miracle of mankind only completed in the time.
3. Mauritius Island
Mauritius Island (Mauritius Island). In the western Indian Ocean. It was formed by a volcanic eruption. Lava is widespread and has many craters. It is 61km long from north to south and 47km wide from east to west, covering an area of 1865km2, accounting for more than 90% of the territory of Mauritius. The central part is a plateau, the terrain is high in the south and low in the north, with low mountains and solitary peaks in between. Generally, the altitude is 300-600m, and the highest peak, Xiaoheihe Peak, is 827m above sea level, which is also the highest peak in Mauritius. There are plains along the coast, wide on the east coast and narrow on the west coast, surrounded by coral reefs and lakes, with twists and turns of rock lines, and many good harbors. Tropical oceanic climate, the annual average temperature is above 20℃, and the annual rainfall is more than 1500mm in the southeast than in the northwest, and as much as 3400mm in the southeast.
4. The Grand Canyon of East Africa
The Great Rift Valley of East Africa is the largest fracture zone on the world’s continent, and it looks like a huge scar from satellite photos. The Great Rift Valley of East Africa is known as the “earth scar”. When flying across the vast Indian Ocean and entering the equator of the East African continent, looking down from the window of the plane, a huge “knife mark” appeared on the ground in front of you. This is the famous “East African Rift Valley”. Called “East Africa Grand Canyon”. The Great Rift Valley widens at a rate of several millimeters to tens of millimeters every year. Some scientists predict that if it continues at this rate, it will tear into a new continent in 200 million years. This rift valley with a length equivalent to 1/6 of the circumference of the earth is magnificent and the scenery is spectacular. It is the largest rift valley in the world. Some people vividly call it “a big scar on the earth’s skin”.
Seychelles, the full name of the Republic of Seychelles, is an archipelago country located in the Indian Ocean of East Africa. Seychelles declared independence on June 29, 1976 and established the Republic of Seychelles as a member of the Commonwealth. Seychelles has a land area of 455.8 square kilometers, a territorial sea area of about 400,000 square kilometers, and an exclusive marine economic zone of about 1.4 million square kilometers. Half of the whole territory is a nature reserve, enjoying the reputation of “tourist paradise”. The economy of Seychelles is underdeveloped and its industrial and agricultural foundations are very weak. The average people use agriculture and fishery as their businesses, and they have many poultry and livestock. Most of the country’s income in other areas depends on the consumption of inbound tourists. In 2011, Seychelles invited China to set up a military base on Mahe Island to strengthen the fight against piracy.
6. Serengeti National Park
Serengeti National Park is located to the west of the Great Rift Valley, 130 kilometers west-northwest of Arusha. A part of the narrow strip extends westward into Lake Victoria for 8 kilometers, and extends north to the Kenyan border. It became a protected area after 1940; in 1929, 228,600 hectares in central Serengeti was designated as a hunting reserve; a national park was established in 1951; it was expanded in 1959. As part of the Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biological Reserve (together with the adjacent Masuva Game Reserve) in the UNESCO Human and Ecology Program, it was internationally recognized and was included in the World Heritage List in the same year.
7. West Coast of South Africa
The west coast of South Africa is one of the largest wetland conservation areas in the world. There are lagoons, mud fields, pristine beaches, and the largest saltwater marsh in South Africa, making up the most colorful oil painting on the land. This is not only a paradise for whales, but also a home for birds. The fertile marshes nourish pelicans, black cormorants and black-backed seagulls. On Bird Island, if you choose the right season, you can also see the wonders of the South African boobies community. The west coast of South Africa is the best place for people to experience the style of a small town in South Africa.
8. Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve
Between Simonstown and the Cape of Good Hope, there is a Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve (capofgoodhopenature reserve). In the reserve, on the rust-colored bumpy ground, there are patches of low bushes and banksia called the national flower of South Africa. Animals such as baboons and African antelopes sometimes jump in front of them. On the red pebble beach by the Atlantic Ocean, you can often see the lovely appearance of ostrich strolling in the garden. At the southwestern end of the reserve is a headland that looks like a huge crocodile’s claws in the Atlantic Ocean. Good Hope City is an ancient European-style building in South Africa. The CapofGood Hope Nature Reserve is home to 1,500 species of plants, as well as many ostriches, antelopes and baboons.
9. Djema Square
Located in the center of Marrakech, Djemaa Square is home to a large open-air market, which injects life into Morocco and even the African continent. It is famous not only for its beautiful appearance, but also for its colorful day and night life. During the day the square was crowded with acrobats, monkey charmers, snake charmers, etc. In the afternoon, it was crowded with people walking out, magicians, dancers, and musicians. In the evening, the smoky cooking smoke turns it into a snack street with many delicacies.
10. Kruger National Park (South Africa)
Kruger National Park is the largest wildlife park in South Africa. Located in the northeast of Transvaal Province, west of the Le Bombo Mountains. Adjacent to the borders of Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The park is about 320 kilometers long and 64 kilometers wide, covering an area of about 20,000 square kilometers. In the endless wilderness in the park, there are many rare animals such as elephants, lions, rhinos, antelopes, giraffes, wild buffaloes, zebras, crocodiles, hippos, leopards, cheetahs, wildebeests, impalas, and birds. In terms of plants, there is a tall Baobab tree unique to Africa. The dry season from June to September is the best season for visiting the park. The average annual tourists are more than 250,000. The park is headquartered in Skukuza.
11. Sahara Desert
The Sahara Desert was formed about 2.5 million years ago and is the second largest desert in the world after Antarctica. With an area of about 9.06 million square kilometers, it is the world’s largest sandy desert. Located in the northern part of Africa, the climate in this area is very harsh, making it one of the least suitable places for living things on the planet. “Sahara” is a transliteration of Arabic. In Arabic, “Sahara” means the Great Desert, derived from the language of the local nomadic Tuareg people. The original meaning is “Great Desert”. The Sahara is not yet a desert. The climate is similar to that of East Africa. About 30,000 ancient petroglyphs have been found in the desert zone. About half of them are in the En’ajar plateau in southern Algeria, depicting animals in the river, such as crocodiles. Wait.
12. Lake Nakuru National Park
Lake Nakuru National Park is located in Nakuru City, Rift Valley Province, about 200 kilometers away from Nairobi. It covers an area of 188 square kilometers and has an altitude of 1220 to 1758 meters. It is a park specially established for the protection of birds and is known as Bird Paradise”. There are about 450 species of birds in the park, especially the flamingo. Located in the volcanic zone, the lake has high salinity and is suitable for the growth of plankton as the staple food of flamingos. There are about 2 million flamingos, accounting for one-third of the world’s total. In addition to birds, there are many other animals, such as colobus, jumping rabbit, clawless otter, rock raccoon, hippo, leopard, lion, zebra, bison, baboon, antelope, hyena, fox, wild cat, giraffe, white rhino, etc. . The lake area varies from 5 to 30 square kilometers with the rainy season. The government designated the lake as a bird sanctuary in 1960 and expanded into a national park in 1968. It was the first national park to protect birds in Africa.
13. The Nile
The Nile River is a river that flows through eastern and northern Africa and flows into the Mediterranean from south to north. It is 6,670 kilometers in length and is the longest river in the world. It is the three largest river systems in Africa alongside the Congo River in Central Africa and the Niger River in West Africa. Although some scholars from Brazil claimed that the length of the Amazon River is better in 2007, it has not yet been universally recognized by the global geography community. The Nile has two main tributaries, the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The Blue Nile originating from the Ethiopian plateau is the source of most of the water and nutrients in the lower Nile, but the White Nile is the longest of the two tributaries.
14. Lake Victoria
Lake Victoria is located in the East African Plateau, most of it is in Tanzania and Uganda, and a small part belongs to Kenya. When British explorers John Hanning Speke and Grant came here to investigate the source of the Nile in 1860-1863, they named the lake after Queen Victoria of England. The lake lies between the Great Rift Valley of East Africa and its western branch, and lies in the northern part of the shallow and wide basin between the rift valleys. The lake basin is formed by the depression of the ground, so the genesis of Lake Victoria is completely different from other large lakes on the East African Plateau. . With an area of 69400km², the lake is the largest lake in Africa and the second largest freshwater lake in the world. The lake has an altitude of 1,134 meters and is rich in fish resources.
15. South Africa National Zoo
The National Zoological Gardens of South Africa (NZG) is located in Pretoria, the administrative capital of South Africa (hence also known as Pretoria Zoo). The National Research Foundation under the Ministry of Science, Technology and Culture of South Africa is a national zoo. Covering an area of 85 hectares, it was built in 1899 and rose to the National Zoo in 1916. The outstanding feature of the outdoor exhibition area of the South African National Zoo is the ecological display, such as the South American Amazon exhibition area, which uses tree species configuration, abundant flowing water, and naturally fallen trees to reflect the South American style. The remodeled bird park is also a highlight.